Background: Cervical biopsies are widely used for the diagnosis of various lesions of the cervix. Early diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant cervical lesions are in turn associated with increased chance of long term survival.
Objectives: the aim of the study was to elucidate the pattern of cervical pathologies encountered at the Department of pathology, Addis Ababa University.
Methods: Retrospective review of biopsy request forms and reports examined at the Department of Pathology in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Teaching Hospital from 2003-2007
Results: The most common biopsy finding was cervical neoplasia (n=2312, 64%). Ninety four percent (n=2182of the cancers wee squamous cervical cancer (SCC), while to remaining were adenocarcinoma (n=104,4%) and adensoquamous (n=26,1.1%) carcinoma. Cervical intraepiothelidal neoplasia (CIN) was found in 8.6% (n=354) of the biopsies. The mean age of cervical cancers at diagnosis was 48years. Chronic cervicitis was the commonest benign lesion (n=698, 16.8%).
Conclusion: the majority of the diagnoses of cervical cancer were made late at the invasive stage of the disease process. Screening programs focused on early detection and treatments are recommended.